Part Five: Resolutions--Multicultural Compentency (Resolution on Culture and Gender Awareness by the American Psychological Association)
Part Seven: International Cases--Understanding the Divertsity of Disorders (Cultural Formulation/Culture Bound Symdromes and International Cases, from DSM IV TR and DSM IV Casebook)
World Federation of Mental Health
"There are approximately 6.5 billion people living on planet Earth. Within that number, there are more people living outside their country of origin than at any other time in history. One person out of 35 is an international migrant — 3% of the global population. If we look at our world to-day, is there any single culture, race or religion that is 100% contained in one single country? We can find dramatically different languages, religions, family relationships and values, as well as views on health care and treatment wherever we go, including in our own respective countries. A female mental health professional born and trained in India may have moved to the United Kingdom and is seeing a male client born and raised in Ecuador — how do they communicate and how do each view the same mental illness?”
“Culture may influence many aspects of mental health, including how individuals from a given culture communicate and manifest their symptoms, their style of coping, their family and com-munity supports, and their willingness to seek treatment. Likewise, the cultures of the clinician and the service system influence diagnosis, treatment, and service delivery. Cultural and social influences are not the only determinants of mental illness and patterns of service use, but they do play important roles.”
“In the mental health care setting, culture impacts how people:
• Label and communicate distress
• Explain the causes of mental health problems
• Perceive mental health providers
• Utilize and respond to mental health treatment."
Reflection and Discussion
2. List a few ways that you have developed your cross-cultural skills.